“Redlining was not officially outlawed until 1968, by the Fair Housing Act. By then the damage was done – and reports of redlining by banks have continued.”
Solid Ground defines Institutional Racism as “the systematic distribution of resources, power and opportunity in our society to the benefit of people who are white and the exclusion of people of color.” It has led to such issues as discrimination and segregation.
When you hear the word segregation, what comes to mind? Many of us think back to the Civil Rights Movement and stop there. Yet, many American counties are segregated today, and Northwest Louisiana is no different. See the chart below, which shows nearly 60% of students are minority students. Nearly 75% of students enrolled in public schools are economically disadvantaged and qualify for free or reduced lunch.
Source: Louisiana Department of Education & U.S. Census Bureau
Present-day racism was built on a long history of racially distributed resources and ideas that shape our view of ourselves and others. It is a hierarchical system that comes with a broad range of policies and institutions that keep it in place. Policies shaped by institutional racism that enforce segregation include redlining, predatory lending, the exclusion of Black veterans from the G.I. bill, and the forced segregation of neighborhoods by the Federal Housing Authority. As a result of institutional racism, racial stratification and inequities persist in employment, housing, education, healthcare, government, and other sectors.
TODAY’S CHALLENGE: Do one or more of the following…
Shape of Shreveport, episode 3
Shreveport was, like many cities in the 1950’s and 60’s, teeming with optimism despite turbulent times. Shreveport/Bossier was a place that in some ways was old fashioned, and yet in some critical ways was very progressive. Discover how Elvis Presley and Martin Luther King impacted Shreveport well before they were national icons.
Segregation still impacts our communities and our nation even decades after it was legally banned. Read more from The Economist about how segregation exists today in cities across America and the costly impact it has on the future of our communities.
NEXT TOPIC: IMMIGRANTS & REFUGEES
Author: Delphine Hirasuna
Photographer: Terry Heffernan
Designer: Kit Hinrichs
Title: The Art of Gaman: Arts and Crafts from the Japanese American Internment Camps 1942-1946
Date of piece: 2005
“When the powers that be take everything away from you, the only thing left is your own creative expression, what you have in your mind. As the author Hirasuna points out, these artworks were made by incarcerated people who hadn’t been charged with or convicted of any crimes. In The Art of Gaman, she writes, “All these lovely objects were made by prisoners in concentration camps, surrounded by barbed wire fences, guarded by soldiers in watchtowers, with guns pointing down at them.”